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Antique and Vintage Jewellery Lecture:

Precious Gems and Their Significance

jewelry birthstones monthstones

Jewellery featuring birthstones and monthstones has roots in various traditions - Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist, and Pagan. These beliefs link certain gemstones to specific months, astrological signs, Tribes of Israel, and Apostles, and ascribe them with healing properties for various social, psychological, metaphysical, and sometimes medical conditions.

While we don't necessarily endorse these claims, they certainly spark fascinating discussions. It's important to note that purchasing a gemstone for such reasons is a personal choice, and Adin cannot be held liable if the outcomes aren't as hoped for.

Birthstones or monthstones

Each month's birthstone or monthstone is traditionally associated with a particular gemstone, influenced by customs, religious practices, and superstitions.

In the 18th century, the assignment of stones to months became popular, primarily based on the colours of the stones. Due to colour similarities among different stones, this led to confusion. To clarify, in 1937, the National Association of Goldsmiths of Great Britain established a standardised list, including alternatives for more expensive stones.

Birthstones list for:
British Commonwealth and United States

January birthstone

February birthstone

March birthstones

April birthstones

May birthstones

June birthstones

July birthstones

August birthstones

September birthstones

October birthstones

November birthstones

December birthstone

Birthstones list for:
the European Continent

January to December: Similar to the above list, with specific differences in alternatives for June (Moonstone and Opal) and July (Ruby).

January birthstone

February birthstone

March birthstones

April birthstones

May birthstones

June birthstones

July birthstones

August birthstones

September birthstones

October birthstones

November birthstones

December birthstone

Birthday stones

These stones, often used synonymously with birthstones, have their own list based on the day of the week of birth. Intriguingly, the time zone where one is born, along with Daylight Saving Time, can influence the recorded birth date. For example, births in different time zones like Samoa and the Line Islands can lead to a recorded birthdate difference of a day or two, despite only a few hours separating the actual times of birth. Moreover, those living in different time zones from their birthplace typically celebrate birthdays according to local time. Daylight Saving Time adds another layer of complexity, where the birth order can be recorded differently due to the time change, although this does not affect the actual age difference between twins.

Monday birthday stone

Tuesday birthday stone

Wednesday birthday stone

Thursday birthday stone

Friday birthday stone

Saturday birthday stone

Sunday birthday stone

Zodiac stones

Astrology has a long history across many cultures. Zodiac stones are linked to astrological signs, each with its associated gemstones.

Capricorn (the Goat)

Aquarius (the Water Bearer)

Pisces (the Fish)

Aries (the Ram)

Taurus (the Bull)

Gemini (the Twins)

Cancer (the Crab)

Leo (the Lion)

Virgo (the Virgin)

Libra (the Scales)

Scorpio (the Scorpion)

Sagittarius (the Archer)

The Twelve Tribes of Israel

The term 'Israelites' denotes the nation of Israel, the predominant cultural and ethnic group in the southern Levant during Biblical times, spanning 1273 to 423 BCE. This era included the establishment of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah post 797 BCE. The Tanakh reveals that they were segregated into twelve tribes, each tracing its lineage to one of Jacob's twelve sons and grandsons. This ancestral link is a shared heritage among modern Jews.

These tribes, referred to in Hebrew as 'shevet' or 'mateh' (literally translating to 'staff' or 'rod'), were traditional family divisions. In English, these divisions are often called 'tribes', though they weren't small, isolated, distinct ethnic groups in the contemporary sense of the word.











  • emerald
  • our jewellery with emerald
  • Dan


    More info on the Twelve tribes of Israel

    The Twelve Apostles

    In Christian tradition, as narrated in the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke), the Twelve Apostles were disciples chosen, named, and trained by Jesus of Nazareth for a specific mission. Following the betrayal of Jesus by Judas Iscariot, the remaining Apostles, led by Simon Peter, selected Matthias by lot to fill the vacancy, thus maintaining their number at twelve in time for the Holy Spirit's arrival at Pentecost.









    James the Less




    More info on the Twelve Apostles

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