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Welcome to our extensive antique jewelry glossary with around 1,500 jewelry related entries.If you feel you are missing an explanation, feel free to let us know and we will add it.
An artificial stone that is man-made to imitate, often its colour, the appearance of a natural gemstone, but having wholly different physical characteristics (e.g. hardness, specific gravity, colour dispersion, double refraction, dichroism) as well as different chemical composition, and hence also distinct from a synthetic gemstone. Examples (called 'simulants') are usually made of various types of glass (e.g. paste or strass) or plastic; such copies are moulded and hence are not required to be cut or faceted.
From: An Illustrated Dictionary of Jewelry, autor: Harold Newman, publishers: Thames and Hudson