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Welcome to our extensive antique jewelry glossary with around 1,500 jewelry related entries.If you feel you are missing an explanation, feel free to let us know and we will add it.
A misnomer for a synthetic stone that has no counterpart in nature but is a compound synthesized by the Czochralski process ( a variation of the flux fusion process); it is not a silicate as is a natural garnet, but has a similar structure. One colourless variety has been called YAG (for yttrium-aluminium-garnet) or 'Diamonair'; it simulates the diamond. Other varieties are made in many colours. They have single refraction but can be distinguished from a natural garnet by several tests.
From: An Illustrated Dictionary of Jewelry, autor: Harold Newman, publishers: Thames and Hudson