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Welcome to our extensive antique jewelry glossary with around 1,500 jewelry related entries.If you feel you are missing an explanation, feel free to let us know and we will add it.
See our: mother of pearl jewelry.
The hard, smooth iridescent inner lining of the shell or certain molluscs (e.g. pearl, oyster, abalone, nautilus, river mussel), consisting chiefly of plates of calcium carbonate (in the form of aragonite or calcite) secreted by the mantle in thin overlapping plates and cemented together with a organic substance, conchiolin, to form the iridescent substance known as nacre.The iridescent effect is due to the interference of light reflected by the layers of nacre. The iridescence can be destroyed by exposure to sunlight, so that the shell is then said to be 'blind'. The principal producer is the large Australian pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera) rather than the pearl-producing variety (Pinctada vulgaris). It has been used in thin slices for decorative inlays, but also for some jewelry, e.g. carved pendants and buttons.
From: An Illustrated Dictionary of Jewelry, autor: Harold Newman, publishers: Thames and Hudson